Report: Intersectional discrimination in Europe

ENAR is launching a report on "Intersectional discrimination in Europe: relevance, challenges and ways forward", in collaboration with the Center for Intersectional Justice.

14 September 2020

Intersectionality looks at the ways in which various social categories such as gender, class, race, sexuality, disability, religion and other identity axes are interwoven on multiple and simultaneous levels. The discrimination resulting from these mutually reinforcing identities leads to systemic injustice and social inequality. The concept of intersectionality is grounded in decades of activism that battled the challenges of racism and sexism throughout the 20th century.

This publication explains how the concept of intersectionality can help policy makers, lawyers and sociologists to approach discrimination and social inequalities from a systemic and structural perspective, but also to capture discrimination patterns which tend to be invisibilised or overlooked in the current legal and policy frameworks for anti-discrimination.

It provides recommendations on measures and strategies to implement an intersectional approach and reach equality in policy and legal frameworks at EU and national levels.

This report aims to shift the understanding of discrimination from a largely individual to a more structural level, and address racial discrimination at the intersections of different grounds of discrimination, going beyond rigid categories.

Only when discrimination is addressed in all its dimensions – individual, institutional, structural and historical – can the full potential of intersectionality be deployed.


- Download the full report

- Download the report summary

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With the support of the Rights, Equality and Citizenship Programme of the European Union, the Open Society Foundations, the Joseph Rowntree Charitable Trust and the Sigrid Rausing Trust