Forgotten Women: the impact of Islamophobia on Muslim women

This project aims to document the disproportionate effect of Islamophobia on women and develop alliances between the anti-racism and feminist movements in order to better address the intersectional discrimination affecting Muslim women.

The project took place in 8 countries, chosen to get a representative picture of the situation of Muslim women in the European Union: Belgium, Denmark, France, Germany, Italy, Netherlands, Sweden and United Kingdom.

The project aims to:

  • Document the disproportionate effect of Islamophobia on Muslim women
  • Provide analysis to improve the implementation of equality law in cases of discrimination against Muslim women
  • Counter stereotypes about Muslim women and promote positive messages
  • Foster cross-group partnership and develop alliances between the anti-racist and feminist movements in order to better address the intersectional discrimination affecting Muslim women (gender, religion, race and class)
  • Disseminate the findings of the research in advocacy settings (European and national), communication activities and lawyers’ workshops

Report: Forgotten women: The impact of Islamophobia on Muslim women

Read the European report and the key findings

Read the press release

Watch the video:

Factsheets on national findings:
- Belgium: French - Dutch - English
- Denmark: Danish - English
- France: French - English
- Germany: German - English
- Italy: Italian - English
- The Netherlands: Dutch - English
- Sweden: Swedish - English
- United Kingdom

Full national reports
- National report for Belgium
- National report for France
- National report for Germany
- National report for Italy
- National report for the Netherlands
- National report for Sweden
- National report for the United Kingdom

Debunking myths on women’s rights, Muslim women, feminism and Islamophobia in Europe

Given the continued debates and misconceptions around both Muslim women and feminism, ENAR is debunking some of the more common stereotypes about feminism and Muslim women in Europe in order to promote a shared understanding of equal treatment in a diverse society.

- Read the leaflet
- Download the visuals

Background information about the project

- Short presentation of the project

- Snapshots from the 8 national round tables on Islamophobia and gender equality

- Interview with Intissar Kherigi, ENAR Board member, on ENAR’s Forgotten Women project

- Meet the project research team


ENAR’s symposium "Muslim women, forgotten women? Understanding the gender dimension of Islamophobia" took place on 26 May 2016 in Brussels.

Photo credit: Marc O’Sullivan, Hijabi Monologues Europe Workshop, Dublin 2012

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ENAR’s Equal@work Platform brings together businesses, social partners, NGOs, public authorities and academics committed to diversity and inclusion, to find solutions for the participation of ethnic minorities in the labour market.

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With the support of the Rights, Equality and Citizenship Programme of the European Union, the Open Society Foundations, the Joseph Rowntree Charitable Trust and the Sigrid Rausing Trust