Wearing the headscarf in the workplace: Observations on discrimination based on religion

ENAR and Amnesty International have published observations on discrimination based on religion in the Achbita and Bougnaoui cases pending in the Court of Justice of the European Union.

2 November 2016

These cases before the EU Court of Justice both concern the dismissal of an employee in a private company because she was wearing a headscarf.

The observations by ENAR and Amnesty International provide an in-depth legal analysis of whether the differences of treatment imposed on Ms. Bougnaoui and Ms. Achbita constitute discrimination.

The Court of Justice of the European Union is expected to rule on both cases within the next few months. Whatever the outcome, it will have wide ranging implications on the understanding and implementation of non-discrimination law in the workplace within the EU.

- Read the observations

Become a member

Are you an organisation working on anti-racism and anti-discrimination in a European country?

Join us


Engage in supporting racial justice across Europe !



ENAR’s Equal@work Platform brings together businesses, social partners, NGOs, public authorities and academics committed to diversity and inclusion, to find solutions for the participation of ethnic minorities in the labour market.

More about Equal@work


With the support of the Rights, Equality and Citizenship Programme of the European Union, the Open Society Foundations, the Joseph Rowntree Charitable Trust and the Sigrid Rausing Trust