Islamophobia in Europe: Recent Trends

This ENAR briefing highlights recent developments and trends in Islamophobia across Europe, on the occasion of the UN High Level Forum on combatting anti-Muslim discrimination and hatred on 17 January 2017.

17 January 2017

Islamophobia is a specific form of racism that refers to acts of violence and discrimination, as well as racist speech, fuelled by historical abuses and negative stereotyping and leading to exclusion and dehumanisation of Muslims, and all those perceived as such.

The rise in Islamophobic incidents in 2015 appears to have continued throughout 2016, with a rise of reported Islamophobic hate crimes in the United Kingdom since the EU referendum, increasing anti-Muslim remarks in public discourse by far-right and even mainstream political leaders, and attacks on mosques throughout Europe. Discrimination in employment also continues to be an issue, in particular for Muslim women.

- Read our briefing on the recent trends of Islamophobia in Europe in 2016

Become a member

Are you an organisation working on anti-racism and anti-discrimination in a European country?

Join us


Engage in supporting racial justice across Europe !



ENAR’s Equal@work Platform brings together businesses, social partners, NGOs, public authorities and academics committed to diversity and inclusion, to find solutions for the participation of ethnic minorities in the labour market.

More about Equal@work


With the support of the Rights, Equality and Citizenship Programme of the European Union, the Open Society Foundations, the Joseph Rowntree Charitable Trust and the Sigrid Rausing Trust